Daniel Linder and some of his earlier Linder ancestors

Daniel Linder was both a Sergeant and later Ensign in the Revolutionary War under General George Rogers Clark in the Western Campaign. Per DAR (Junior) application # 688029 & # 491645 he "served as a sergeant under Captain John Vortrus (Vartreese's) Company of Jefferson County Militia in 1782.  Col. Williams' Battalion commanded by Major General George Rogers Clark in 1782."

As best I can determine this was part of the thousand man march in November of 1782 against the leading Indian towns on the Miami River, north of the Ohio.  Most of  the inhabitants fled and the "Americans (sic)" burned the villages and all provisions at "Chillicothe, Pickawa, Wilston and other places" (English, Conquest of the Country Northwest of the River Ohio 1778-1783  AND Life of Gen. George Rogers Clark, pp. 758-760, pub. 1895).  In his letter to the governor of Virginia dated November 27, 1782 Clark writes "We surprised the principal Shawanee town, on the evening of the 10th, immediately detaching strong parties to different quarters.  In a few hours two-thirds of the town was laid in ashes, and everything they were possessed of destroyed, except such articles as might be useful to the troops...The loss of the enemy was ten scalps, seven prisoners, and two whites retaken.  Ours was one killed and one wounded"  English notes that "this expedition ended forever all formidable Indian invasions of Kentucky."

He  is also identified as 'Captain' in the Kentucky Militia.  He was a pioneer of Elizabethtown, Hardin Co., KY.  Daniel Linder obtained an 8000 acre tract of land in Hardin Co. 8 Sep. 1798 on the Meeting Creek watercourse (book 17, p. 35).  Visit Jeannie Winter's excellent web site for an  review of the life and times of Daniel Linder.

In 1996 his grave and that of his wife Rebecca (claimed but not proved to be a Van Meter) and at least 7 other graves with unmarked headstones were rediscovered after their location was unknown for about 70 years! Below are pictures of the grave stones believed to be Daniel and Rebecca Linder and what is left of their log cabin in Hardin Co., KY

Daniel and Rebecca (unknown) Linder graves (photo by Sam Daugherty Nov. 1996)

Close ups of tombstones thought to be Daniel and Rebecca Linder. 
Photos by Sam Daugherty 

The remains of what might have been Daniel Linder's log home (photo by Sam Daugherty Nov. 1996)

New research by Harold Linder of Tempe, Arizona as published in The Linder Quarterly (No. 125 Summer 2001) sheds considerable new light and scholarship on the origins of the Linder name in Switzerland.  Mr. Linder has visited this area and researched its history.  His fluency in German and natural curiosity had benefited all those interested in the Linder origins.  One of the most valuable sources he has found is the book The Oldest Families of the Saanen District (Die altesten Geschlechter der Landschaft Saanen) by J.R.D. Zwahlen (1998, Muller Marketing & Druck AG, Gstaad.  66 pp.) This is said to be a reprint of a 1967 book which is on file in the Family History Center library. 
This part of Switzerland is about 35 SW of the capital Bern and to the east of Lake Geneva and the French border.  This research identifies very early 'Linder sightings' in a small area of only one or two square miles along the Saane River Valley near the villages of Saanen and Gstaad.  To the south are the Alpes Pennine including the Matterhorn.  Note that later sources appear to localize Marty Linder, previously the oldest known Linder in Switzerland, in nearby Gstaad.  From Harold Linder's discussion of the findings of Mr. Zwahlen it now appears to be established that:

1.  Zwahlen notes Linder to be one of the oldest Swiss names with earliest versions thought to be de la Linda & de Laigna (1312), de la Ligda (1324), de la Lindac (1355) and de la Linda (1360).  These early names were registered for owners of parcels of land along a 2
mile length of the Saane River Valley between 1312 and 1360.

2.  Three brothers Yanni, Uldricus and Heyni de la Linda were noted to be Tallibles or serfs with a farm in La Linda, Gstaadwiler, NW Gstaad.  They held nine Jucharten (acres) of farmland and one Mahd or alpine pasture meadow per the tax rolls of 1312 along with what may have been rights to fell timber in woodlands that were common land.  Two other meadows in Gstaadwiler and Parzgum formed the balance of this estate.  By 1324 two farms or hearths are on the rolls and Heyni is presumed to have died.  His son Peter however is paying taxes in 1355 for land in Rubeldorf.  Linder lands identified in 1312 are still so connected in 1360.

3.  One Anton Linder in 1470 is noted to be the Landesvenner or district administrator in the Schwellenbrief of Saanen district.  He was chosen by local assembly and supervised all rights and property of the district.  His position was said to be second only in importance to the castle warden.  Given his prominent position it should be possible to locate other relevant records of his activity.

4.  Jorg Linder was noted to be the Landschreiber or head clerk on at least nine occasions between 1528 and 1565.  Johannes Linder is identified as a notary in 1528.  Peter Linder is another name that appears in this location during the 16th century.

5.  The surname Linder is thought to be derived from a locational field name related to the linden tree.  According to Zwahlen however the name is also related to the occupation of wood cutter or wood carrier.  Harold Linder believes it likely based on evidence  that the earliest Linders who lived in "la Linda" were wood cutters or carriers when tax rolls were made in 1312, 1324 and 1355.

6.  According to Zwahlen half of the ninety-seven family names in the Saanen area were of French origin.  This portion of Switzerland is at the extreme SW frontier of the German speaking world and just 2 miles from French speaking citizens.  The Saanen area did not become part of Switzerland until it was absorbed by the Canton of Bern in 1555.  Saanen is known as Gesseney in French and the Saane River as the Sarine.

7.  There is a coat of arms which shows: in white an arched golden chevron, accompanied by three green Linden leaves (1811), which has a strong resemblance to the fourth coat of arms from about 1480 in the Mauritius Church; three white hearts in white circles on green (possibly yellow).

8.  The other thirty-five early Swiss names researched by Mr. Zwahlen in this area are:  Aellen, Annen, Bach, Baumer, Brand, Frautschi, Gander, Gehret, Gonseth, von Grunigen, Gyger, Haldi, Hutzli, Jaggi, Kohli, Kropfli, Kubli, Matti, Mosching, Perreten, Reichenbach, Reller, Romang, Schopfer, von Siebenthal, Steffen, Sumi, Topfel, Tuler, Walker, Wursten, Zingre, Zumstein & Zwahlen.
Harold Linder has opened the doors to all of us with an interest in pursuing the earliest history of this family name.  He does not dispute that Linders arose in other parts of Europe but asks the following questions:

In how many places did the Linder surname originate?

                How many of these origins can be traced to the present?

                            Harold Linder can be reached by email at haroldlinder@hotmail.com

This Linder family traces its roots back to Marty Linder (c1585 -?) Gstaad, Bern, Switzerland.  The first Linder in this line known to have emigrated to the new world was Simon Linder in 1733.

Emigration:*  List of foreigners imported in the ship Elizabeth, Edward Lee, Master, from Rotterdam. Qualified Aug. 27, 1733  LINDAR, Simon and Simon Jr.  Also the entire family is shown in PGP Vol. I  "Elizabeth Lindor 11, Larance Lindor 8, Hance Jerck Lindor 3 3/4, Margret Lindor 39, Catrina Lindor 17, Simon Lindor 53, and Simon Lindor, Jr. 16. "

I believe the lineage of Elizabeth (Betsy) Linder (1795 - 1868) as follows:

    Marty Linder (c1585 Gstaad, Bern, Switzerland - ?) m Solome Werren

      Simon Linder (1613/14 - after 1656 Switzerland) m Anna Werren

         Wilhelm Linder (1639/40 Bern, Switzerland - after 1683 Switzerland ) m Maria Halda

           Simon Linder (3 Oct. 1680 Bern, Switzerland - 1750/51 Frederick Co., VA) m Margarete (c1680 - c 1743)

               Lawrence Linder (1725 Germany - 17??) m Rebecca (unknown)

                    Daniel Linder (c1749 - c1840) m Rebecca (unknown) (17??  - after 1820)

Until recently relatively little had been known about the early years of Simon Linder and his family in this new world since their date of emigration in 1733 to Philadelphia.  Thanks now to original research being conducted by Tim Linder of Landrum SC many of the gaps in our knowledge are now being filled in.   (Some of Tim's work appears in "Simon Linder:  The Lost Years" in The Linder Quarterly No. 147 Winter 2007 pp. 1-6.)  The first evidence comes from a Lancaster County PA land warrant (L-69) re his taking up 220 acres on Cokolico (now Cocalico) Creek [Warrantees of Land in the County of Lancaster 1733-1896]  Interestingly Tim informs us that this land warrant was signed by Thomas Penn and was part of the enormous lands held by his more famous father William Penn.  There is also a strong suggestion that these early Linders were of the Lutheran faith.  Simon's daughter Elizabeth is thought to have been married by a Lutheran minister to Johann Ulandt April 23, 1739 in Earltown PA which is not far from the Cocalico Creek area.  Also on  January 5, 1744 Simon (unsure if Simon Sr or Jr per Tim Linder) and wife were sponsors of Henricus Unselt per records of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick MD.  The father was Friedrich Unselt who was one of the fellow passengers aboard the Elizabeth.  (Friedrich listed  as a 24 year old weaver upon arrival.  Also listed in the book Pioneers of Old Monocracy were Hans Peter Hoffmann, Frantz Weiss, Johann Georg Loy & Johann Theobold from the ship Elizabeth and settled in Frederick Co., MD.)  Interpretation of the church record needs to be cautious though -- it was not entered until 1752 by the first resident minister Pastor Bernard Michael Hausihl.  This noted by Marvin Dean Linder in his self-published The Earliest Linders

Tim Linder invites all researchers to contribute to a Simon Linder digital archive project in order to better share actual source documentation of Simon Linder and many of his offspring.  Contact Tim at

Another record of Simon Linder is also in November of 1744 -- He  was granted a license to "Keep Ordinary at his own house for 1 year having paid the Governor's (Virginia) fee."  This was on land he had purchased from Morgan Bryan on the Opeckon, Frederick County, VA.  This record from early Frederick County courtesy of Cecil O'Dell in Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia  It is possible that this was Simon Jr.

In Historic Shepherdstown by Danske Dandridge (pub. 1910) the author notes on pp. 330-1 'Simon Linder was one of the first settlers on the Opequon.  Some of the Linders appear to have served in the Revolution.  In 1833 Henry Bedinger thus wrote to his brother, G. M. Bedinger:  "There were then (at the time of the Revolution), along Opequon four Linders, active young men, to wit, Daniel and Jacob, sons of Lawrence Linder; Jacob, son of Simon Linder, and Than, or Nathaniel, whose father was dead.  Possibly one of those was an officer in your company."

Simon Linder died intestate in 1752.  On  February 12 1752, the Frederick County Court appointed Simon Jr. as Administrator of Simon's estate, and Lawrence as surety.

Deed Book 2  3  Feb 12, 1752
Administrator's Bond -Simon Linder Admr. of Simon Linder, decd.
Van Swearingen }
Lawrence Linder } securities on same

Some notes on the children of Simon & Margarete Linder

Son Simon Jr. (1717 - aft 1787?) is noted in numerous property transactions in Frederick/Berkeley County, VA between 1749 and 1781.  These are best located in the respective county Deed Books and include land that was purchased (300 acres for 5 shillings) from Abraham and Jacob Van Meter by Simon Sr.  On 12 February 1752 Simon Jr. was appointed Administrator of his father's estate in Winchester, Frederick Co, VA.  It is from this that we deduce the date of Simon's death.

Son Lawrence (1725 - ca 1793) is noted to have served in the French Indian Wars "The 'valuable defensive service' of Lawrence Linder was recognized by the Virginia General Assembly, meeting at Williamsburg on 24 Sept. 1758. They appropriated a large sum to pay the Home Guards, to be equal to the [colonial] Line soldiers.  Listed as a private "Lawrence Lender [sic]" (Dean Linder in The Linders of  the Revolution.   Per Boogher in his Gleanings of Virginia History  "To John Lamon, James Legat, John Dickson, Holoway Perry, Joseph Pierce, Henry Vanmeter, Lawrence Lender, Edward Mergee, Joseph Vanmeter, Jacob  Mergee, Remembrance Williams, Joseph Polsen, William Field, Nicholas   M'Intire, Edward Lucas, Robert Buchus, Benjamin Sweet, John Taylor and Arthur Turner 7s each = pounds 6-13-00"  Again we find the neighborly connection of the Linders and the Van Meters -- now if only for a church or marriage record, a will...  Lawrence last appeared on the tax rolls in Nelson Co., KY in 1791 and I suspect that is when and where he was buried.

Son Hance George  (1730 -  1766) married Anna Ulandt.  His only known child was John. George did leave a will.  He received property from his oldest brother in 1759 along Opeckon Creek.  His will was probated as follows
"Will Bk. 3. p. 367   (19 Feb. 1766)

"...it is my Will...Eldest son John...Wife...Executor...George (0 his mark)  Linder ann (Z her mark) Linder  I Ann Linder Consent to the above Will
 John (X his mark) Newland   Sam Harrison

At a Court held for Frederick County September 2nd 1766 This Last will & Testament of George Linder decd. was proved by the oaths of John Newland &
Samuel Harrison Witnesses thereto & Ordered to be Recorded"

I can find nothing on Simon & Margarete's daughter  Catarina (b 1716).

You may enjoy visiting this excellent Swiss family reference Swiss Genealogy on the Internet.

I would strongly recommend joining the  Linder Family Assn. to learn more about this early Swiss family:  Bonnie Dailey edits the excellent quarterly newsletter.

Your comments appreciated -- please send to the author Mike Judd

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*Was your ancestor aboard the Elizabeth on this voyage? (Many thanks to Louise McGinnis Schulze and her friends at the Olive Tree Genealogy Pages for generously sharing their research)
The enclosed lists are copied as they appear without alteration or change from the 1934 printing of "Pennsylvania German Pioneers" A list of ships arriving in Philadelphia 1727 to 1808 , Vol. 1, 1727 to 1775 by Ralph Beaver Strassburger, LL.D. edited by William John Hinke, Ph.D., D.D. This list has the occupation of the individual with age following. Other lists may show letters in parenthesis in the body of the name, this is where the individual made their mark. Other letters following names or titles in the texts are for subscript letters in the original print. This list is also adjusted to match the updated list in the Apendix of the above text) [List 30 A] Account of the Mens Names of 16 years and upwards, Brought from Rotterdam in the Elizabeth, Capt. Edward Lee. [Qualified Aug. 27, 1733].  

Mens Names & Ages

Johanes Kesnoser, farmer 40 Philip Sever, tailor 23 Johanes Moon, farmer 33 Mical Cowell, farmer 32 Johan Josep Fuler, 23 Johan Jereck Petery, weaver 27 Johan Henrick Shirt, farmer 22 Conrat Shott, farmer 50 Philip Foust, weaver 30 Micoll Rut, weaver 30 John Henrich Tinick, joiner 33 Coblin Hetrick, farmer 40 Henrich Stance, shoemaker 39 Hance Peter Hofman, farmer 28 Johanes Jong, shoemaker 39 Johan Peter Foust, farmer 40 Philip Foust, farmer 20 Jacob Gibe, farmer 34 Olrich Shugh, farmer 48 John Jacob Shugh 20 Johanes Lutts, weaver 55 Mathias Whitman, farmer 56 Mathew Whiteman, farmer 34 Henrich Still 60 Simon Lindor 53 Simon K[L]indor, Jr. 16 Friedrich Oneself, weaver 24 Miachael Fabor, fiddler 34 Andrew Pogener, fiddler 34 Steven Lowman, bone maker 31 Hance Jerech Porger, cooper 25 Jacob Bunett, farmer 32 Wolf Con. Milor 41 Simon Sherman, sadler 49 Johanes Knoll, farmer 29 Jacob Hubler, farmer 30 France Wice, smith 27 Tabell Troud, smith 27 Hance Martin Troud, farmer 56 Johan Henrich Ley, miller 28 Jerrick Oare, farmer 51 Johanes Henrich Oare, 19 Jacob Sorver, carpenter 56 Jacob Sorver, carpenter 26 Rodelph Sorver, carpenter 21 Jacob Houswet, weaver 34 Jacob Hendrich, farmer 28 Johan Henrich Tabas, farmer 27 Nicklos Slay, farmer 24 Jacob Shittel 22 Philip Smith, wagoner 33 Hance Jerick Nort 45 Jacob Tillingor, farmer 33 Andries Clipsadell, butcher 22 Jerick Hendrick March, shoemaker 20 Johan Olrich Cooll, joiner 30 John Fagley, weaver 28 Hinrich Stiner, weaver 23 Michell Rinehed, farmer 23 Mickell Mikt, farmer 54 Hance Jacob Mikt 20


Kertroudt Kesnoser 50 Marilos Honing 20 Margret Moon 44 Ann Eliza Cowell 23 Savena Cowell 24 Anna Catrina Shott 49 Anna Clara Shott 16 Anna Catrina Foust 21 Anna Margret Rut 56 Anna Margret Tinick 36 Elizabeth Hetrick 35 Maria Stamce 31 Anna Eliza Foust 40 Catrina Gibe 34 Anna Eliza Shugh 48 Ever Eliza Shugh 17 Margret Luts 38 Maria Catrina Whitman 38 Margret Whiteman 30 Margret Lindor 39 Catrina Lindor 17 Sarah Fabor 33 Catrina Pogener 37 Mary Bunett 32 Margret Milor 53 Susanna Stoning 27 Catrina Sherman 40 Marilis Sherman 22 Maria Sherman 19 Ann Mary Knoll 26 Eliza Bovern 22 Anna Barbara Hubler 25 Barbara Wice 20 Anna Crate Troud 27 Cughlick Troud 52 Marg. Apell. Troud 24 Eliza Lee 18 Eliza Oare 46 Fronegh Sorver 54 Barbara Sorver 23 Maria Houswett 34 Elizabeth Shittel 21 Dorothy Smith 30 Maria Barbara Nort 43 Maria Kret Nort 18 Maria Barbra Tillingor 28 Solmey Cooll 30 Anna Barbara Fagley 26 Catrina Rinehed 22 Anna Mikt 46


Conreet Kesnoser 14 Johan Yerck Kesnoser 12 Anna Catrina Honing, dead 5 Maria Moon 10 Matiles Moon 8 Vernor Moon 6 Conen Lutwick Moon 3-1/2 Anna Catrina Cowell, dead 3-1/2 Conreet Cowell, dead 3-1/2 Conhenas Shott 9 John Jacob Foust 4  John Adam Foust 2 John Hendrick Foust 0-1/2 Anna Barbara Tinick 8 Michel Tinick, dead 5 Anna Margaret Tinick, dead 1-1/2 John Onst Hetrick 17 William Hetrick 10 Catrina Hetrick 8-1/2 Johan Henrick Hetrick 2 Anna Margret Hetrick, dead 3 Anna Maria Stance 11 Maria Catrina Stance 7 Maria Dorotea Stance 4 Hance Jacob Stance 1-1/2 Micol Foust 13 Johanes Foust 11 Johan Peter Foust 9 Ann Eliz. Foust 5 Matekina Foust, dead 3 Johan Hendrick Foust 2 Andries Gibe 12 Micoll Gibe 9 Marlina Gibe 4-1/2 Elizabeth Gibe 2 Anna Eliz. Shugh 13 Hance Martin Luts 11 Catrina Luts 9 Elizabeth Luts, dead 2 Mariradell Luts 4  Johanes Whitman 15 Eliza Whitman 13-3/4 Christoffer Whiteman 8 Mathias Whiteman 6 Wendell Whiteman 3-1/2 Elizabeth Whiteman, dead 2 Elizabeth Lindor 11 Larance Lindor 8 Hance Jerck Lindor 3-3/4 Babor Fabor 4-1/2 Michal Fabor 2 Johan Tobias Pogener 3 Susanna Bunett, dead 4 Christina Bunett, dead 2 Margret Bunett 8 Johan Simon Bunett 0-3/4 Jacob Milor 17 Jerick Sherman 17 Catrine Sherman 13 Philip Sherman 6-1/2 Daniel Sherman, dead 3 Elizabeth Knoll 3-3/4 Margaret Knoll 1-1/2 Anna Hubler 3-1/2 Anna Maria Hubler 2-1/4 Frances Hubler 0-1/4 Johanes Troud 1-1/2 Johan Henrick Ley 13 Barbara Houswett 13-1/3 Cradell Houswett 10 Maria Houswett 8 Anna Maria Houswett, dead 4-1/2 Caspar Houswett, dead 2 Jacob Houswett, dead 0-1/4 Anna Lies Houswett 8-1/2 Philip Smith, dead 0-3/4 Tobias Nort 11 Lavanna Nort 10 Johan Fredrick Tillingor 8 Mathies Cooll 9 Maria Cooll 7 
Totals: 61 men, 50 women, 81 children, of whom 16 dead, 192 names, 176 living passengers

This page (most belatedly) updated on February 9, 2008